As outlined in Our Philosophy, before a breeding is planned, some essential criteria must be met in order that the puppies are healthy and display no faults that would prevent them from being shown in the conformation show ring.
Both parents require the following:
|Ears standing fully erect.|
|Complete set of 42 teeth in a correct scissor bite.|
|Male dogs must have both testicles fully descended.|
|Correct coat length and color.|
|Both parents must pass OFA (Orthopedic Foundation for Animals) certification for both hips and elbows; this means my dogs are at least two years old before they are bred for the first time.|
|Both parents must pass temperament tests, such as A.K.C.'s (American Kennel Club) Canine Good Citizen (C.G.C.) or The German Shepherd Dog Club of America's Temperament Certification (T.C.).|
|Both parents must have an obedience title issued by the A.K.C. to prove their intelligence. Most of my dogs have several obedience titles. Examples of obedience titles are CD, CDX, and UD.|
|Each puppy comes with a complete written warranty on ears, teeth, testicles, hips, elbows, health and temperament, so should a problem arise you will be compensated for it.|
I do not practice in-breeding or close line-breeding. The health of my dogs is of paramount importance and health is sometimes affected by breeding dogs that are closely related to one another.